The objectives of treatment are:

  • Cure the cancer and prevent recurrence.
  • Manage the disease by decreasing the size of the tumors or preventing them from growing and metastasizing to other parts of the body.
  • Alleviating symptoms of patients whose cancer has spread to other parts of the body to improve quality of life.

However, because chemotherapy does not only affect cancer cells, but also impacts normal cells of the body and the functions of other organs, there are side effects to this type of treatment. These include nausea, vomiting, mouth sores, loss of appetite, compromised immune system, diarrhea, and hair loss. These side effects may be mild or severe, depending on the type of drugs administered, the patient’s health, and the patient’s emotional readiness.